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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 1, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number: 001-38417
__________________________________________________
BurgerFi International, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
____________________________________________________
Delaware82-2418815
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
200 West Cypress Creek Rd., Suite 220
Fort Lauderdale, FL
33309
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(954) 618-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per shareBFIThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Redeemable warrants, each exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per shareBFIIWThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No
The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of May 10, 2024 was 27,403,547



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Page
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
i

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Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including without limitation, the following sections: Part 1, Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 1, 2024 and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and in particular, the risks discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of such reports and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
ii

Table of Contents
Part I. Financial Information.

Item 1. Financial Statements.
BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Unaudited
(in thousands, except for per share data)April 1, 2024January 1, 2024
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$4,147 $7,556 
Accounts receivable, net1,355 1,368 
Inventory1,305 1,190 
Assets held for sale732 732 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,420 1,654 
Total Current Assets$9,959 $12,500 
Property & Equipment, net16,586 16,121 
Operating right-of-use assets, net44,260 46,052 
Goodwill31,621 31,621 
Intangible assets, net148,791 150,856 
Other assets1,391 1,326 
Total Assets$252,608 $258,476 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable - trade and other$5,128 $7,093 
Accrued expenses11,226 8,537 
Short-term operating lease liability10,229 10,111 
Other current liabilities2,951 4,117 
Short-term borrowings, including finance leases53,064 52,834 
Total Current Liabilities$82,598 $82,692 
Non-Current Liabilities
Long term borrowings, including finance leases2,223 1,718 
Redeemable preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, 2,120,000 shares issued and outstanding, as of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, $53 million principal redemption value
56,734 55,629 
Long-term operating lease liability42,555 44,631 
Related party note payable14,526 14,488 
Warrant liability38 182 
Other non-current liabilities694 740 
Deferred income taxes1,146 1,146 
Total Liabilities200,514 201,226 
Commitments and Contingencies - Note 8
Stockholders' Equity
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 27,042,213 and 26,832,691 shares issued and outstanding as of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, respectively
2 2 
Additional paid-in capital315,989 315,107 
Accumulated deficit(264,397)(257,859)
Total Stockholder's Equity Attributable to BurgerFi51,594 57,250 
Non-controlling interests in subsidiaries500  
Total Stockholders' Equity52,094 57,250 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$252,608 $258,476 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
1

Table of Contents
BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

Quarter Ended
(in thousands, except for per share data)April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Revenue
Restaurant Sales$40,885 $43,316 
Royalty and other fees1,558 1,969 
Royalty - brand development and co-op436 441 
Total Revenue42,879 45,726 
Restaurant level operating expenses:
Food, beverage and paper costs10,977 11,611 
Labor and related expenses13,912 13,216 
Other operating expenses7,128 7,456 
Occupancy and related expenses3,890 3,834 
General and administrative expenses5,309 6,573 
Depreciation and amortization expense3,044 3,227 
Share-based compensation expense954 4,674 
Brand development, co-op and advertising expense1,252 1,096 
Lease termination recovery(56) 
Store closure costs435 121 
Restructuring costs79 918 
Pre-opening costs163  
Operating Loss(4,208)(7,000)
Other income, net3  
Gain (loss) on change in fair value of warrant liability144 (73)
Interest expense, net(2,477)(2,078)
Loss before income taxes(6,538)(9,151)
Income tax provision
  
Net Loss(6,538)(9,151)
Net Loss attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries  
Net Loss attributable to BurgerFi
$(6,538)$(9,151)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic and Diluted
27,021,716 23,568,032 
Net loss per common share:
Basic and Diluted$(0.24)$(0.39)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)

Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Deficit
Total Stockholders’ Equity Attributable to BurgerFi
Non-controlling interests
Total Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except for share data)SharesAmount
Balance at January 2, 202322,257,772 $2 $306,096 $(227,151)$78,947 $ $78,947 
Share-based compensation— — 4,674 4,674 — 4,674 
Vested shares issued1,639,174 — — — — — — 
Shares issued in legal settlement200,000 351 351 — 351 
Shares withheld for taxes(273,841)— (353)— (353)— (353)
Net loss— — — (9,151)(9,151)— (9,151)
Balance at April 3, 202323,823,105 $2 $310,768 $(236,302)$74,468 $ $74,468 
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Deficit
Total Stockholders’ Equity Attributable to BurgerFi
Non-controlling interests
Total Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except for share data)SharesAmount
Balance at January 1, 202426,832,691 $2 $315,107 $(257,859)$57,250 $ $57,250 
Issuance of shares in subsidiary— — — — 500 500 
Share-based compensation— — 954 — 954 — 954 
Vested shares issued209,522 — — — — — — 
Shares withheld for taxes— — (72)— (72)— (72)
Net loss— — — (6,538)(6,538)— (6,538)
Balance at April 1, 202427,042,213 $2 $315,989 $(264,397)$51,594 $500 $52,094 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Quarter Ended
(in thousands)April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Cash Flows Used In (Provided By) Operating Activities
Net loss$(6,538)$(9,151)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
Lease termination recovery(56) 
Depreciation and amortization3,044 3,227 
Share-based compensation954 4,674 
Gain on legal settlement  131 
Gift card and loyalty program breakage(425)(201)
Forfeited franchise deposits(56)(41)
Non-cash lease cost (163)123 
(Gain) loss on change in value of warrant liability(144)73 
Other non-cash interest1,283 1,167 
Other, net  20 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable13 (34)
Inventory(115)(108)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(831)(180)
Accounts payable - trade and other(1,839)426 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities1,947 (2,176)
Other long-term liabilities10 89 
Cash Flows Used in Operating Activities$(2,916)$(1,961)
Net Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities
Purchases of property and equipment(837)(802)
Other investing activities3  
Net Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities$(834)$(802)
Net Cash Flows Provided By (Used In) Financing Activities
Contributions from non-controlling interests in subsidiaries500  
Payments on borrowings(21)(4,836)
Proceeds from related party note payable 5,100 
Tax payments for restricted stock upon vesting(72)(353)
Repayments of finance leases(66)(39)
Net Cash Flows Provided By (Used in) Financing Activities
$341 $(128)
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents(3,409)(2,891)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, beginning of period7,556 11,917 
Cash and Cash Equivalents, end of period$4,147 $9,026 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
Cash paid for interest$1,296 $1,562 
Fair value of net liabilities assumed in legal settlement$ $(79)
Fair value of common stock issued in legal settlement$ $(351)
ROU assets obtained in the exchange for lease liabilities:
Finance leases$738 $ 
Operating leases$ $1,433 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


1.    Organization

BurgerFi International, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (“BurgerFi,” or the “Company,” also “we,” “us,” and “our”), is a multi-brand restaurant company that develops, markets and acquires fast-casual and premium-casual dining restaurant concepts around the world, including corporate-owned stores and franchises located in the United States, Puerto Rico and Saudi Arabia. As of April 1, 2024, the Company had 162 franchised and corporate-owned restaurants of the two following brands:

BurgerFi. BurgerFi is a fast-casual “better burger” concept with 102 franchised and corporate-owned restaurants as of April 1, 2024, offering burgers, hot dogs, crispy chicken, hand-cut fries, frozen custard and shakes, beer, wine and more.

Anthony’s. Anthony’s is a pizza and wing brand that operated 60 restaurants including 59 corporate-owned and one franchise location co-branded with BurgerFi as of April 1, 2024. The concept is centered around a coal-fired oven, and its menu offers “well-done” pizza, coal-fired chicken wings, homemade meatballs, and a variety of handcrafted sandwiches and salads.

Corporate-owned stores and Franchised stores

Store activity for the quarter ended April 1, 2024 and the year ended January 1, 2024 is as follows:

April 1, 2024January 1, 2024
Corporate-ownedFranchisedTotalCorporate-ownedFranchisedTotal
Total BurgerFi and Anthony's86 76 162 87 81 168 
BurgerFi stores, beginning of the period28 80 108 25 89 114 
BurgerFi stores opened1 1 2  8 8 
BurgerFi stores acquired / (transferred)   4 (4) 
BurgerFi stores closed(2)(6)(8)(1)(13)(14)
BurgerFi total stores, end of the period27 75 102 28 80 108 
Anthony's stores, beginning of period59 1 60 60  60 
Anthony's stores opened    1 1 
Anthony's stores closed   (1) (1)
Anthony's total stores, end of the period59 1 60 59 1 60 

End of period store totals included one international store at April 1, 2024 and at January 1, 2024, respectively.


2.    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The going concern assumption contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. However, as discussed below and elsewhere through this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern existed as of April 1, 2024 as a result of non-compliance of the Company’s liquidity covenant within the Company’s Credit Agreement. Please see Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial
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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Condition and Results of Operations, as well as Risk Factors in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 1, 2024 (the “2023 Form 10-K”) and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, for further information.

The Company’s credit agreement (“Credit Agreement”) with a syndicate of banks has Term Loan and Revolving line of credit financing of approximately $51.3 million and $2.0 million, respectively, outstanding as of April 1, 2024, and expires on September 30, 2025. The Credit Agreement contains various covenants, including requirements for the Company to meet certain trailing twelve-month quarterly financial ratios and a minimum liquidity threshold. As of April 1, 2024, the Company was not in compliance with the minimum liquidity requirement of the Credit Agreement, which constitutes a breach of the Credit Agreement and an event of default. Accordingly, the outstanding balance of the Credit Agreement is included in short-term borrowings together with the short term portion of other notes payable and outstanding balances under its finance leases on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

This event of default entitles the lenders to call the debt sooner than its maturity date of September 30, 2025. The Company does not have and is not forecasted to have the readily available funds to repay the debt if called by the lenders.

The Company has been actively engaged in discussions with its lenders to explore potential solutions regarding the default event and its resolution. We cannot, however, predict the results of any such negotiations. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to the carrying amounts and classification of assets, liabilities, and reported expenses that may be necessary if the Company were unable to continue as a going concern.

From April 15, 2024 to April 17, 2024, the Company received notices from the syndicate of commercial bank lenders under the Credit Agreement that each lender’s respective (i) rights and obligations as a lender under the Credit Agreement and any other document or instruments delivered pursuant thereto to the extent related to the amount and percentage interest of the loans and commitments under the Credit Agreement held by such lender and (ii) to the extent permitted by applicable law, all claims, suits, causes of action and any other right of such lender against any person, whether known or unknown, arising under or in connection with the Credit Agreement, any other documents or instruments delivered pursuant thereto or the loan transactions governed thereby or in any way based on or related to any of the foregoing rights and obligations under the Credit Agreement were assigned to TREW Capital Management Private Credit 2 LLC (“TREW”). The foregoing assignments represented 100% of the amount of revolving loan commitments under the Credit Agreement and 100% of the amount of term loan under the Credit Agreement. The Company has initiated discussions with TREW with respect to potential solutions regarding the event of default described above. See Note 10, “Debt,” for additional disclosure surrounding the amended Credit Agreement.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2024 is derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date. Because certain information and footnote disclosures have been condensed or omitted, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended January 1, 2024 contained in the 2023 Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

We are required to evaluate events occurring after April 1, 2024 for recognition and disclosure in the unaudited consolidated financial statements for the quarter ended April 1, 2024. Events are evaluated based on whether they represent information existing as of April 1, 2024, which require recognition, or new events occurring after April 1, 2024 which do not require recognition but require disclosure if the event is significant. We evaluated events occurring subsequent to April 1, 2024 through the date of issuance of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

The Company reports on a 52-53-week fiscal year ending on the Monday nearest to December 31 of each year. Our first fiscal quarter of 2024 ended on April 1, 2024. Our current fiscal year will end on December 30, 2024.

Principles of Consolidation

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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

The consolidated financial statements present the consolidated financial position, results from operations and cash flows of BurgerFi International, Inc., and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All material balances and transactions between the entities have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingencies at the date of the unaudited consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

New Accounting Pronouncements

The Company reviewed all recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Prepaid expenses

The Company routinely issues prepayments to landlords, insurers and vendors in the ordinary course of business. As of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, the Company had $2.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively of prepayments included in prepaid expenses and other current assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

Assets Held for Sale

In February 2020, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement with an unrelated third party for the sale of substantially all of the assets used in connection with the operation of BF Dania Beach, LLC. The closing of this transaction has been delayed due to additional on-going negotiations. In the event the transaction is terminated, the Company will begin operating this BurgerFi restaurant, and return the deposit of $0.9 million included in other current liabilities to the unrelated third-party purchaser. Assets used in the operations of BF Dania Beach, LLC totaling $0.7 million have been classified as held for sale in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024. On April 28, 2024, the parties executed a settlement term sheet to continue the trial related to this matter. The parties are drafting a formal settlement agreement for Court ratification. Refer to Note 8, “Commitments and Contingencies,” for further discussion.

Other Current Liabilities

The Company incurs liabilities associated with the sale of gift cards and gift certificates. As of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, the Company had $1.2 million and $2.2 million, respectively of gift card and gift certificate liabilities included in other current liabilities on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The decrease in gift card liabilities at April 1, 2024 compared to January 1, 2024 relates to the expiration of the Company’s Holiday Gift Card Program.

The Company incurs liabilities resulting from its customer loyalty program. As of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, the Company had $0.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively of liabilities for its loyalty program in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

Restructuring Costs

Restructuring costs for the periods shown consist of the following:

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Quarter Ended
(in thousands)April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Expenses related to financing$73 $891 
Severance and onboarding costs associated with change in CEO and CFO6 27
Total
$79 $918 

3.    Property & Equipment

Property and equipment consisted of the following:
(in thousands)April 1, 2024January 1, 2024
Leasehold improvements$18,373 $17,579 
Kitchen equipment and other equipment8,928 8,708 
Computers and office equipment1,586 1,536 
Furniture and fixtures2,868 2,828 
Vehicles9 8 
31,764 30,659 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization(15,178)(14,538)
Property and equipment – net$16,586 $16,121 

Depreciation and amortization expense on property and equipment totaled $1.0 million and $1.1 million for the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, respectively.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


4.    Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

The following is a summary of the components of intangible assets and the related amortization expense and impairment
charges:

April 1, 2024
(in thousands)
Weighted Average Remaining Useful Life (years)
AmountAccumulated Amortization
Accumulated Impairment Charges
Net Carrying Value
Franchise agreements3.7$24,839 $(11,680)$ 13,159 
BurgerFi trade names / trademarks26.783,033 (9,111) 73,922 
Anthony's trade names / trademarks27.660,690 (4,889) 55,801 
Other intangibles6.79,018 (1,221)(7,706)91 
  Subtotal177,580 (26,901)(7,706)142,973 
Liquor licenses5,930 — (113)5,818 
Total intangible assets, net$183,510 $(26,901)$(7,818)$148,791 


January 1, 2024
(in thousands)
Weighted Average Remaining Useful Life (years)
AmountAccumulated Amortization
Accumulated Impairment Charges
Net Carrying Value
Franchise agreements4.0$24,839 $(10,793)$ 14,046 
BurgerFi trade names / trademarks27.083,033 (8,419) 74,614 
Anthony's trade names / trademarks27.860,690 (4,383) 56,307 
Other intangibles7.09,018 (1,241)(7,706)71 
  Subtotal177,580 (24,836)(7,706)145,038 
Liquor licenses5,930 — (113)5,818 
Total intangible assets, net$183,510 $(24,836)$(7,818)$150,856 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(in thousands)Anthony’s Segment
BurgerFi Segment
Total
Balance as of January 2, 2023
Goodwill
$80,684 123,981 $204,665 
Accumulated impairment losses
(49,064)(123,981)(173,045)
Goodwill, net as of January 1, 2024$31,621 $ $31,621 
Goodwill
$80,684 $123,981 $204,665 
Accumulated impairment losses
(49,064)$(123,981)(173,045)
Goodwill, net as of April 1, 2024$31,621 $ $31,621 

Intangible asset amortization expense totaled $2.1 million and $2.1 million for the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, respectively.

5.    Contract Liabilities

A roll forward of contract liabilities is as follows:

Quarter Ended
(in thousands)April 1, 2024 April 3, 2023
Balance, beginning of period$745 $1,092 
Initial/Transfer franchise fees received 156 
Revenue recognized for stores open and transfers during period(4)(68)
Revenue recognized related to franchise agreement terminations(56)(41)
Other unearned revenue (recognized) received (24)
Balance, end of period$685 $1,115 

Franchise Revenue

Revenue recognized during the periods included in royalty and other fees on our consolidated statement of operations was as follows:

Quarter Ended
April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Franchise Fees$60 $133 
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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


6.     Net Loss Per Share

Net Loss per common share is computed by dividing Net Loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. The Company has considered the effect of (1) warrants outstanding to purchase 15,063,800 shares of common stock, (2) 2,423,069 shares of restricted stock units outstanding in the calculation of net loss per common share, and (3) the impact of any dividends associated with our redeemable preferred stock. As the effect of these on the computation of net loss per common share would have been anti-dilutive, they were excluded from the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.

Basic and diluted net loss per common share is calculated as follows:

(in thousands, except for per share data)Quarter Ended
Numerator:April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Net loss available to common stockholders - diluted$(6,538)$(9,151)
Denominator:
Basic and diluted weighted-average shares outstanding27,021,716 23,568,032 
Basic and diluted net loss per common share$(0.24)$(0.39)

For the quarter ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, there were no dilutive warrants.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

7.    Related Party Transactions

The Company is affiliated with various entities through common control and ownership.

On January 23, 2023, the Company settled a claim filed by a significant stockholder. The settlement resulted in the transfer of five BurgerFi entities from the stockholder to the Company of which two were operating stores and three were entities that historically had operated stores but have since closed. The fair value of consideration paid in the settlement was $0.9 million and included $0.5 million in cash and the issuance of 200,000 shares in common stock valued at $0.4 million. The fair value of net liabilities assumed in the transaction was $0.1 million which included lease liabilities and operating assets and liabilities including property and equipment of two operating stores, net of pre-existing liabilities accrued.

Pursuant to a lease amendment entered into in February 2022, the Company leases building space for its corporate office from an entity controlled by the Company's Executive Chairman of the Board. This lease has a 10-year term with an option to renew. Rent expense was approximately $0.2 million for each of the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023,

On June 3, 2023, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement with an investing entity for the sale of 2,868,853 shares of Company common stock at an issuance price of $1.22 per share for total proceeds of $3.4 million. Upon the execution of this agreement, the investing entity became a holder of approximately 11% of the Company’s outstanding common stock. During the year ended January 1, 2024, the Company entered into four franchise agreements with an affiliate of this entity. The Company received royalty revenue from such franchises related to a significant stockholder totaling approximately $0.1 million for the quarter ended April 1, 2024.

8.    Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

Lion Point Capital, L.P.(“Lion Point”) v. BurgerFi International, Inc. (Supreme Court of the State of New York County of New York, Index No. 653099/2022, filed August 26, 2022. A lawsuit filed by Lion Point against the Company, alleging that the Company failed to timely register Lion Point’s shares in violation of the registration rights agreement to which Lion Point is a party, which allegedly resulted in losses in excess of $26.0 million. In November 2022, as amended in February 2023, the Company filed its answer to the complaint. On April 13, 2023, Lion Point filed a Motion for Summary Judgment, and the Company responded with its reply on June 22, 2023. On October 12, 2023, the Court granted Lion Point’s Motion for Summary Judgment and set a status conference for November 15, 2023 to begin the damages phase of the case. At status conference on November 15, 2023, a schedule for discovery deadlines was discussed and set out by the Court. The next status conference was continued from March 13, 2024 to April 24, 2024. At the April 24, 2024 status conference a revised discovery schedule was agreed to and the case is scheduled to proceed with the discovery schedule and depositions. The Company continues to believe that all claims are meritless and plans to vigorously defend such claims. The Company is unable to determine the likelihood of a loss or range of loss, if any, which may result from the case described above, and any losses, however, may be material to the Company's financial position and results of operations.

Burger Guys of Dania Pointe, et. al. v. BFI, LLC (Circuit Court of the 15th Judicial Circuit in and for Palm Beach County, Florida, Case No. 50-2021-CA -006501-XXXX-MB filed May 21, 2021). In response to a demand letter issued by BurgerFi to Gino Gargiulo, a former franchisee, demanding that Mr. Gargiulo pay the balance owed under an asset purchase agreement wherein BurgerFi sold the Dania Beach, Florida BurgerFi location to Mr. Gargiulo, Mr. Gargiulo filed suit against BurgerFi claiming, in addition to other matters, that no further monies are owed under the asset purchase agreement and alleges that the Company is responsible for one of Mr. Gargiulo’s failed franchises in Sunny Isles, Florida, losses he has allegedly sustained at his Dania Beach location, and reimbursement of expenses in connection with his marketing company. Mr. Gargiulo seeks damages in excess of $2.0 million in the aggregate. The parties attended mediation on January 20, 2022, which ended in an impasse. Mr. Gargiulo amended his complaint in April 2022, which, among other matters, amended the defendant parties. In October 2022, the Company filed an additional motion to dismiss the amended complaint and a motion to stay discovery. In January 2023, Mr. Gargiulo filed a third amended complaint. In March 2023, the Company filed an answer to Mr. Gargiulo’s complaint and a counterclaim against Mr. Gargiulo relating to the breach of the asset purchase agreement discussed above. On November 5, 2023, the parties attended mediation, which ended in an impasse. Depositions are ongoing and a trial was set for the 5 week docket beginning the week of April 15, 2024. On April 28, 2024, the parties executed a settlement term sheet to continue the trial. The parties are in the process of drafting a
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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

formal settlement agreement for Court ratification. On May 1, 2024, a joint stipulation to stay the case for 90 days was filed with the Court to allow for completion of the settlement agreement. On May 12, 2024, the Court entered an order staying the case for 90 days.

The settlement term sheet provides for $2.0 million in payments for purchase of the two franchised locations in Aventura and Dania Pointe. Transfer of ownership to the Company is intended to occur upon the completion of the settlement payment requirements or earlier buyout. The settlement payments consist of an initial payment of $0.3 million due on August 1, 2024 and additional payments of $1.7 million in royalty relief for the Aventura and Dania Pointe locations.

Employment Related Claims.

In July 2021, the Company received a demand letter from the attorney of one of its now former hourly restaurant employees. The letter alleges that the former employee was sexually harassed by one of her co-workers. The demand letter claims that the Company discriminated and retaliated against the former employee based on her gender and age and also alleged intentional infliction of emotional distress, negligent hiring, negligent training, and negligent supervision. While the Company entered into a partial settlement with the former employee in December 2022 for a de minimis cash amount relating solely to the discrimination claim, the other claims remain.

In March 2020, the Company received notification of a U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (the “EEOC”) complaint claiming sexual harassment and assault. On July 5, 2023, the EEOC issued a determination letter declining to investigate the matter further and issued a right to sue letter. On September 29, 2023, the claimant filed a lawsuit. The suit is in the early stages and the Company is currently working through initial responses.

On or about April 4, 2024, the Company received a demand letter regarding a former employee’s claims of a racially and sexually abusive, discriminatory, hostile and retaliatory work environment. The demand letter is in the early stages and the Company is currently working through the allegations.

On or about April 15, 2024, the Company was served with a lawsuit alleging wrongful termination of a store manager that is seeking damages for among other items, back pay, emotional distress and front pay. The suit is in the early stages and the Company is currently working through initial responses.

While the Company believes that all claims of the above mentioned Employment Related Claims, which are covered under the Company’s insurance policies, are meritless, and it plans to defend these allegations, it is reasonably possible that the Company may ultimately be required to pay damages to the claimants, which could be up to $0.5 million or more in aggregate compensatory damages, attorneys’ fees and costs. Management believes that any liability, in excess of applicable insurance coverages or accruals, which may result from these claims, would not be significant to the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

General Liability and Other Claims.

The Company is subject to other legal proceedings and claims that arise during the normal course of business, including landlord disputes, slip and fall cases, and various food related matters. While it intends to vigorously defend these matters, it is reasonably possible that the Company may be required to pay substantial damages to the claimants. Management believes that any liability, in excess of applicable insurance coverages or accruals, which may result from these claims, would not be significant to the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

Purchase Commitments

From time to time, we enter into purchase commitments for certain food commodities in the normal course of business. As of April 1, 2024, we entered into approximately $5.7 million in unconditional purchase obligations over the next twelve months.


9.    Leases

The Company has entered into various lease agreements and these agreements expire on various dates through 2032 and have renewal options.
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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The components of lease expense for the periods shown is as follows:

Quarter Ended
(in thousands)ClassificationApril 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Operating lease costOccupancy and related expenses$3,271 $3,107 
Pre-opening costs77  
Store closure costs115  
Lease termination recoveryAsset impairment(56)$ 
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of right-of use assetsDepreciation and amortization expense88 58 
Interest on lease liabilitiesInterest expense45 14 
Less: Sublease incomeOccupancy and related expenses(71)(47)
Total lease cost$3,469 $3,132 

The maturity of the Company's operating and finance lease liabilities as of April 1, 2024 is as follows:

(in thousands)Operating LeasesFinance Leases
2024$10,394 $410 
202513,331 533 
202611,672 504 
202710,033 472 
20288,397 448 
2029 and thereafter10,125 561 
Total undiscounted lease payments63,952 2,928 
Less: present value adjustment(11,168)(736)
Total net lease liabilities$52,784 $2,192 

As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The Company gives consideration to its recent debt issuances as well as publicly available data for instruments with similar characteristics when calculating its incremental borrowing rates.

A summary of lease terms and discount rates for finance and operating leases is as follows:

April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)
Operating leases5.35.9
Finance leases5.96.1
Weighted-average discount rate
Operating leases7.6 %6.3 %
Finance leases10.5 %6.0 %



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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


10.    Debt

(in thousands)April 1, 2024January 1, 2024
Term loan$51,253 $51,253 
Related party note payable15,100 15,100 
Revolving line of credit2,000 2,000 
Other notes payable680 701 
Finance lease liability2,192 1,576 
Total Debt$71,225 $70,630 
Less: Unamortized debt discount related party note(574)(612)
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs(838)(978)
Total Debt, net69,813 69,040 
Less: Short-term borrowing, including finance leases(53,064)(52,834)
Total Long-term borrowings, including finance leases and related party note payable$16,749 $16,206 

The Credit Agreement provides the Company with lender financing structured as a $57.8 million term loan and a $4.0 million revolving loan.

On February 1, 2023, the Credit Agreement was amended through the Fourteenth Amendment and subsequently on February 24, 2023 further amended through the Fifteenth Amendment resulting in the Company and its subsidiaries entering into a Secured Promissory Note (the “Note”) with CP7 Warming Bag L.P., an affiliate of L. Catterton Fund L.P., as lender (the “Junior Lender”), pursuant to which the Junior Lender continued that certain delayed draw term loan (the “Delayed Draw Term Loan”) of $10.0 million, under the Credit Agreement, which is junior subordinated secured indebtedness, and also provided $5.1 million of new junior subordinated secured indebtedness, to the Company (collectively the “Junior Indebtedness”), for a total of $15.1 million in junior subordinated secured debt on terms reasonably acceptable to the Required Lenders (as defined in the Credit Agreement), including, without limitation, that (1) such indebtedness shall not mature until at least two (2) years after the maturity date of the credit facility of September 30, 2025; (2) no payments of cash interest shall be made on such indebtedness until after the repayment in full of the obligations under the Credit Agreement; and (3) no scheduled or voluntary payments of principal shall be made until after the repayment in full of the obligations under the Credit Agreement.

On July 7, 2023, the Credit Agreement was amended through the Sixteenth Amendment, which amended the definition of EBITDA for the purposes of expanding the scope of non-recurring items that may be included in the determination of Adjusted EBITDA, as well as modifications to certain covenants for leverage and fixed charge ratios.

As of April 1, 2024, the Company was not in compliance with the minimum liquidity requirement of the Credit Agreement,which constitutes a breach of the Credit Agreement and an event of default. Accordingly, the outstanding balance of the Credit Agreement is included in short-term borrowings together with the short term borrowings, including finance leases in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

The Company is not forecasted to have the readily available funds to repay the debt if the lenders do call the debt, which raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the consolidated financial statements are issued.

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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


As discussed in Note 2 “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”, the Company received notices from the syndicate of commercial banks under the Credit Agreement that all of the rights, obligations and claims under the Credit Agreement were assigned to TREW. The Company has initiated discussions with TREW with respect to potential solutions regarding the event of default described above.

The terms of the Credit Agreement as amended require the Company to repay the principal of the term loan in quarterly installments, and pay the outstanding balance on the revolving line of credit at maturity; however, due to event of default we classified all of the principal as payable within the next nine months as follows:
in thousands
2024$53,253 
2025 
2026 
202715,100 
2028 
Total$68,353 

The Credit Agreement, including the term loan and revolving line of credit, is secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets and incurs interest on outstanding amounts at the following rates per annum through maturity:

Time PeriodInterest Rate
From January 1, 2024 through June 15, 20247.25%
From June 16, 2024 through maturity7.75%

The Delayed Draw Term Loan is a non-interest bearing loan and, accordingly, was recorded at fair value as part of the Anthony’s acquisition which resulted in a debt discount of approximately $1.3 million, which is being amortized over the period of the Delayed Draw Term Loan. The Company recorded debt discount amortization of $0.1 million for each of the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, which is included within interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

The Junior Indebtedness, which accrues interest at 4% per annum (i) is secured by a second lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company and the subsidiary guarantors (the “Guarantors”) pursuant to the terms and that certain Guaranty and Security Agreement, dated February 24, 2023, by and among the Guarantors and the Junior Lender, (ii) is subject to the terms of that certain Intercreditor and Subordination Agreement dated February 24, 2023, by and between the Administrative Agent and the Junior Lender and acknowledged by the borrowers and the Guarantors, and (iii) matures on the date that is the second anniversary of the maturity date under the Credit Agreement (the “Junior Maturity Date”) (September 30, 2027, based on the maturity date under the Credit Agreement of September 30, 2025).

Under the terms of the Junior Indebtedness, no payments of cash interest or payments of principal shall be due until the Junior Maturity Date, and no voluntary prepayments may be made on the Junior Indebtedness prior to the Junior Maturity Date until after the repayment in full of the obligations under the Credit Agreement.

The Company had $14.5 million recorded, net of unamortized discount under the Junior Indebtedness as of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, respectively, included in Related party note payable in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

The amendments to the Credit Agreement and the Delayed Draw Term Loan were accounted for as modifications of debt in the Company’s accompanying consolidated financial statements.

For the quarter ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, interest expense consisted of:



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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Quarter Ended
(in thousands)April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
  Interest on credit agreement$483 $1,051 
  Interest on related party note689  
  Amortization of debt issuance costs139 106 
  Amortization of related party note discount38 39 
  Non-cash interest on redeemable preferred stock1,106 1,022 
  Other interest expense (income)22 (140)
$2,477 $2,078 


11.    Income Taxes

For each of the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, the Company's effective income tax rate was 0%. The difference from the U.S. corporate statutory federal income tax rate of 21%, is primarily the result of the valuation allowance applied to reduce the Company’s deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized for each of the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023, respectively.


12.    Stockholders' Equity

Common Stock

The Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. Holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to one vote for each share. At April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, there were 27,042,213 shares and 26,832,691 shares of common stock outstanding, respectively.

In addition to the CEO Awards, as defined below, as contemplated by the Bachmann Employment Agreement (as defined below) and as an inducement to employment, effective as of July 10, 2023, the Company issued the CEO 63,500 shares of the Company’s common stock, which such shares are subject to Rule 144 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Preferred Stock

The Company is authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share with such designation, rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Company’s Board of Directors. As of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, there were 2,120,000 shares of preferred stock outstanding.

On February 24, 2023, the Company filed an amended and restated certificate of designation, (the “A&R CoD”), which among other matters, added a provision providing that in the event the Company fails to timely redeem any shares of Series A Preferred Stock on November 3, 2027, the applicable dividend rate shall automatically increase to the lesser of (A) the sum of 10.0% plus the 2.0% applicable default rate (with such aggregate rate increasing by an additional 0.35% per quarter from and after November 3, 2027), or (B) the maximum rate that may be applied under applicable law, unless waived in writing by a majority of the outstanding shares of Series A Junior Preferred Stock.

The A&R CoD also added a provision providing that in the event the Company fails to timely redeem any shares of Series A Junior Preferred Stock in connection with a Qualified Financing (as defined in the A&R CoD) on November 3, 2027 (a “Default”), the Company agrees to promptly commence a debt or equity financing transaction or sale process to solicit proposals for the sale of the Company and its subsidiaries (or, alternatively, the sale of material assets) designed to yield the maximum cash proceeds to the Company available for redemption of the Series A Junior Preferred Stock as promptly as practicable, but in any event, within 12 months from the date of the Default. If on or after November 3, 2026, the Company is aware that it is reasonably unlikely to have sufficient cash to timely effect the redemption in full of the Series A Junior Preferred Stock when first due, the Company shall, prior to such anticipated due date, take reasonable steps to engage an investment banking firm of national standing (and other appropriate professionals) to conduct preparatory work
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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

for such a financing transaction and sale process of the Company and its subsidiaries to provide for such transaction to occur as promptly as possible after any failure for a timely redemption of the Series A Junior Preferred Stock.

The Series A Junior Preferred Stock ranks senior to the common stock and may be redeemed at the option of the Company at any time and must be redeemed by the Company in limited circumstances. The Series A Junior Preferred Stock shall not have voting rights or conversion rights.

Interests in a Consolidated Joint Venture

On February 29, 2024, the Company formed a joint venture with a third party for the development and operation of BurgerFi’s flagship corporate store in New York City, which opened during the quarter ended April 1, 2024. The Company holds an 80% interest in the joint venture and consolidates a $0.5 million 20% contribution to the joint venture from the non-controlling owner.

Warrants and Options

As of April 1, 2024, the Company had the following warrants and options outstanding: 15,063,800 warrants outstanding, each exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 including 11,468,800 in public warrants, 3,000,000 in Private Placement Warrants, 445,000 in Private Warrants (“private warrants”) and 150,000 in Working Capital Warrants. The public warrants expire in December 2025.

Warrant Liability

The Company has private warrants, which include provisions that affect the settlement amount. Such variables are outside of those used to determine the fair value of a fixed-for-fixed instrument, and as such, the warrants are accounted for as liabilities in accordance with ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging, with changes in fair value included in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

The warrant liability was $0.04 million and $0.2 million at April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, respectively. The change in fair value of warrant liabilities for the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023 resulted in a gain of $0.1 million and a loss of $0.1 million, respectively, and is recognized in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

The following is an analysis of changes in the warrant liability:

(in thousands)
Warrant liability at January 1, 2024
$182 
Gain during the period(144)
Warrant liability at April 1, 2024
$38 

The fair value of the warrants are determined using the publicly-traded price of our common stock on the valuation dates of $0.5990 on April 1, 2024 and $0.86 on December 29, 2023, the last trading day before January 1, 2024. See Note 13, “Fair Value Measurements.”

Share-Based Compensation

The Company has the ability to grant stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, other stock-based awards and performance compensation awards to current or prospective employees, directors, officers, consultants or advisors under the Company’s 2020 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). Accordingly, the Plan provides for the granting of Non-qualified Stock Options, Incentive Stock Options, RSU Awards, Restricted Stock Awards, Stock Appreciation Rights, Performance Stock Awards, Performance Unit Awards, Unrestricted Stock Awards, Distribution Equivalent Rights or any combination of the foregoing.

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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

As of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, there were approximately 1,400,000 and 400,000 shares of common stock available for future grants under the Plan, respectively.

The Company grants RSUs with service conditions, PSUs with performance and market conditions and unrestricted stock awards. RSUs granted with service conditions generally vest over 4 years. Performance conditions are based on key performance indicators, and market conditions include an index to the market value of the stock price of the Company. The fair value of the RSUs and PSUs granted is determined using the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant, as set forth in the applicable Plan document.

RSU and PSU Awards under the Plan
The following table summarizes activity of RSUs and PSUs during the quarter ended April 1, 2024:

Number of Restricted Stock UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested at January 1, 2024
1,162,550$7.37 
Granted639,535 $0.81 
Vested(225,925)$2.50 
Forfeited(273,091)$4.48 
Non-vested at April 1, 2024
1,303,069 $5.10 

Share-based compensation expense recognized for awards under the Plan during the quarters and ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023 was $0.8 million and $4.7 million, respectively. As of April 1, 2024, there was approximately $5.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs or PSUs under the Plan to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.1 years.

Restricted Stock Unit Awards - Inducement Awards

On July 10, 2023, the Company issued awards of RSUs and PSUs to the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO Awards”) and the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO Awards”) as part of an inducement to enter into employment agreements with the Company (“Inducement Awards”). The Inducement Awards are not part of the Plan. Vesting for the Inducement Awards is over a five year period. Share based compensation expense related to the Inducement Awards recognized during the quarter ended April 1, 2024 was $0.2 million. As of April 1, 2024, there was approximately $1.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Inducement Awards to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.2 years.

Terms of the Inducement Awards are as follows:

The CEO Awards are comprised of 500,000 time based RSUs which, subject to continuous employment, vest in equal tranches of 100,000 units per year, and 500,000 PSUs, which, subject to continuous employment and the achievement of certain performance criteria, vest in equal tranches of 100,000 units per year.

The CFO Awards are comprised of 200,000 time based RSUs which, subject to continuous employment, vest in equal tranches of 40,000 units per year, and 200,000 PSUs, which, subject to continuous employment and the achievement of certain performance criteria, vest in equal tranches of 40,000 units per year.

Share-based compensation expense recognized for awards under the Plan and the Inducement Awards during the quarters ended April 1, 2024 and April 3, 2023 was $1.0 million and $4.7 million, respectively. As of April 1, 2024, there was approximately $7.5 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs or PSUs under the Plan and Inducement Awards to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.1 years.

13.    Fair Value Measurements

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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Fair values of financial instruments are estimated using public market prices, quotes from financial institutions, and other available information. The fair values of cash equivalents, receivables, net, accounts payable and short-term debt approximate their carrying amounts due to their short duration.

The following tables summarize the fair values of financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024.

Items Measured at Fair Value at April 1, 2024
(in thousands)Quoted prices in active market for identical assets (liabilities) (Level 1)Significant other observable inputs (Level 2)Significant unobservable inputs (Level 3)
Warrant liability $38  
Total$ $38 $ 

Items Measured at Fair Value at January 1, 2024
(in thousands)Quoted prices in active market for identical assets (liabilities) (Level 1)Significant other observable inputs (Level 2)Significant unobservable inputs (Level 3)
Warrant liability $182  
Total$ $182 $ 

In estimating our fair value disclosures for financial instruments, we use the following methods and assumptions:
The fair value of the Company’s warrant liability is measured at fair value on a recurring basis, classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants, Private Warrants, and Working Capital Warrants are determined using the publicly-traded price of the Company’s common stock on the valuation dates of $0.5990 on April 1, 2024, and $0.86 on December 29, 2023, the last trading day before January 1, 2024. The fair value is calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The Black-Scholes model requires us to make assumptions and judgments about the variables used in the calculation, including the expected term, expected volatility, risk-free interest rate, dividend rate and service period. The calculated warrant price for private warrants was $0.01 and $0.05 on April 1, 2024 and January 1, 2024, respectively.

The input variables for the Black-Scholes are noted in the table below:

April 1, 2024January 1, 2024
Risk-free interest rate4.75 %4.25 %
Expected life in years1.72.0
Expected volatility98.0 %98.0 %
Expected dividend yield % %

Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis include our long-lived assets and definite-lived intangible assets which are adjusted to fair value upon impairment. In determining fair value, we used an income-based approach. As a number of assumptions and estimates were involved that are largely unobservable, they are classified as Level 3 inputs within the fair value hierarchy. Assumptions used in these forecasts are consistent with internal planning, and include revenue growth rates, royalties, gross margins, and operating expense in relation to the current economic environment and the Company’s future expectations.

14.    Segment Information

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BurgerFi International Inc., and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer is the CODM. The Company has two operating and reportable segments: BurgerFi and Anthony’s.

BurgerFi. BurgerFi is a fast-casual “better burger” concept with franchised and corporate-owned restaurants as offering burgers, hot dogs, crispy chicken, frozen custard, hand-cut fries, shakes, beer, wine and more.

Anthony’s. Anthony’s is a pizza and wing brand concept centered around a coal fired oven, and its menu offers “well-done” pizza, coal fired chicken wings, homemade meatballs, and a variety of handcrafted sandwiches and salads.

The CODM measures segment income based on Adjusted EBITDA and believes that the adjusted measure provides a baseline for analyzing business trends. The Company defines Adjusted EBITDA as net loss before lease termination recovery, share-based compensation expense, depreciation and amortization expense, interest expense (which includes accretion on the value of preferred stock and interest accretion on the related party note), restructuring costs, merger, acquisition and integration costs, legal settlements, net, store closure costs, (gain) loss on change in value of warrant liability, pre-opening costs and (gain) loss on sale of assets.

External sales are derived principally from food and beverage sales, royalty and franchise revenue.

The Company does not rely on any major customers as a source of sales, and the customers and long-lived assets of our segments are predominantly in the U.S. There were no material transactions among the Company’s segments.

The following table presents segment revenue and a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net loss by segment:

Quarter Ended
ConsolidatedAnthony’sBurgerFi
(in thousands)April 1, 2024April 3, 2023April 1, 2024April 3, 2023April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Revenue by Segment$42,879 $45,726 $32,393 $33,145 $10,486 $12,581 
Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation by Segment:
Net (loss) income$(6,538)$(9,151)(691)$446 $(5,847)$(9,597)
Lease termination recovery(56)   (56) 
Share-based compensation expense954 4,674 137  817 4,674 
Depreciation and amortization expense3,044 3,227 1,067 1,137 1,977 2,090 
Interest expense2,477 2,078 1,338 1,160 1,139 918 
Restructuring costs79 918 6 253 73 665 
Merger, acquisition and integration costs131 328 96  35 328 
Legal settlements, net(284)282 (325) 41 282 
Store closure costs435 121 82 56 353 65 
(Gain) loss on change in value of warrant liability(144)73   (144)73 
Pre-opening costs163    163  
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets(3)  (3)
Adjusted EBITDA$258 $2,550 $1,710 $3,052 $(1,452)$(502)

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 1, 2024 (the “2023 Form 10-K”). Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause such differences are discussed in the sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q titled “Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements” and “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” and in Part I. “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in the 2023 Form 10-K.

Overview

We are a leading multi-brand restaurant company that develops, markets and acquires fast-casual and premium-casual dining restaurant concepts around the world, including corporate-owned stores and franchises. As of April 1, 2024, we were the owner and franchisor of the two following brands:

Anthony’s. Anthony’s is a premium pizza and wing brand, which prides itself on serving fresh, never frozen, high-quality ingredients. The concept is centered around a 900-degree coal fired oven, and its menu offers “well-done” pizza, coal fired chicken wings, homemade meatballs, and a variety of handcrafted sandwiches and salads. The restaurants also feature a deep wine and craft beer selection to round out the menu. The pizzas are prepared using a unique coal fired oven to quickly seal in natural flavors while creating a lightly charred crust. Anthony’s provides a differentiated offering among its casual dining peers driven by its coal fired oven, which enables the use of fresh, high-quality ingredients with quicker ticket times.

Since its inception in 2002, the Anthony’s brand has grown to 60 restaurants including 59 corporate-owned and one franchised location co-branded with BurgerFi as of April 1, 2024, primarily along the East coast and has restaurants in eight states, including Florida (28 corporate and one co-branded franchised), Pennsylvania (11), New Jersey (7), New York (6), Massachusetts (4), Delaware (2), Maryland (1), and Rhode Island (1).

Anthony’s was named “The Best Pizza Chain in America" by USA Today's Great American Bites,“Top 3 Best Major Pizza Chain” by Mashed in 2021, “The Absolute Best Wings in the U.S.” by Mashed in 2022 and named in “America's Favorite Restaurant Chains of 2022” by Newsweek.

BurgerFi. BurgerFi is a fast-casual “better burger” concept, renowned for delivering an exceptional, all-natural premium “better burger” experience in a refined, contemporary environment. BurgerFi’s chef-driven menu offerings and eco-friendly restaurant design drive our brand communication. It offers a classic American menu of premium burgers, hot dogs, crispy chicken, hand-cut fries, frozen custard shakes, beer, wine and more. Originally founded in 2011 in Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, Florida, the purpose was simple – “RedeFining” the way the world eats burgers by providing an upscale burger offering, at a fast-casual price point. BurgerFi is committed to an uncompromising and rewarding dining experience that promises fresh food of transparent quality. Since its inception, BurgerFi has grown to 102 BurgerFi locations, and as of April 1, 2024, was comprised of 27 corporate-owned restaurants and 75 franchised restaurants in two countries including 21 states within the United States, as well as Puerto Rico.

BurgerFi was named "The Very Best Burger" at the 2023 edition of the nationally acclaimed SOBE Wine and Food Festival, "Best Fast Casual Restaurant" in USA Today's 10Best 2023 Readers' Choice Awards for the third consecutive year, QSR Magazine's Breakout Brand of 2020 and Fast Casual's 2021 #1 Brand of the Year. In 2021, Consumer Report praised BurgerFi for serving "no antibiotic beef" across all its restaurants, and Consumer Reports awarded BurgerFi an “A-Grade Angus Beef” rating for the third consecutive year.

Segments

We have two operating and reportable segments: (1) Anthony’s and (2) BurgerFi. Our business generates revenue from the following sources: (i) restaurant sales, (ii) royalty and other fees, consisting primarily of royalties based on a percentage of sales reported by franchised restaurants and paid by franchisees, and (iii) franchise fees, consisting primarily of licensing fees paid by franchisees.

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Key Metrics

The following key metrics are important indicators of the overall direction of our business, including trends in sales and the effectiveness of our marketing, operating, and growth initiatives:

Systemwide Restaurant Sales

“Systemwide Restaurant Sales” are not revenues to the Company, however the Company records royalty revenue based as a percentage of Systemwide Restaurant Sales. Systemwide Restaurant Sales is presented as informational data in order to understand the aggregation of franchised stores sales, ghost kitchen and corporate-owned store sales performance. Systemwide Restaurant Sales growth refers to the percentage change in sales at all franchised restaurants, ghost kitchens and corporate-owned restaurants in one period from the same period in the prior year. Systemwide Restaurant Same-Store Sales growth refers to the percentage change in sales at all franchised restaurants, ghost kitchens, and corporate-owned restaurants after 14 months of operations. See definition below for “Same-Store Sales.”

Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales

“Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales” represent the sales generated only by corporate-owned restaurants. Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales growth refers to the percentage change in sales at all corporate-owned restaurants in one period from the same period in the prior year. Corporate-Owned Restaurant Same-Store Sales growth refers to the percentage change in sales at all corporate-owned restaurants after 14 months of operations. These measures highlight the performance of existing corporate-owned restaurants.

Franchise Restaurant Sales

“Franchise Restaurant Sales” represent the sales generated only by franchisee-owned restaurants and are not recorded as revenue, however, the royalties based on a percentage of these franchise restaurant sales are recorded as revenue. Franchise Restaurant Sales growth refers to the percentage change in sales at all franchised restaurants in one period from the same period in the prior year. Franchise Restaurant Same-Store Sales growth refers to the percentage change in sales at all franchised restaurants after 14 months of operations. These measures highlight the performance of existing franchised restaurants.

Same-Store Sales

The measure of “Same-Store Sales” is used to evaluate the performance of our store base, which excludes the impact of new stores and closed stores, in both periods under comparison. We include a restaurant in the calculation of Same-Store Sales after 14 months of operations. A restaurant that is temporarily closed, is included in the Same-Store Sales computation. A restaurant that is closed permanently, such as upon termination of the lease, or other permanent closure, is immediately removed from the Same-Store Sales computation. Our calculation of Same-Store Sales may not be comparable to others in the industry.

Digital Channel % of Systemwide Sales

The measure of “Digital Channel % of Systemwide Sales” is used to measure performance of our investments made in our digital platform and partnerships with third party delivery partners. We believe our digital platform capabilities are a vital element to continuing to serve our customers and will continue to be a differentiator for the Company as compared to some of our competitors. Digital Channel as % of Systemwide Sales are indicative of the sales placed through our digital platforms and the percentage of those digital sales when compared to total sales at all our franchised and corporate-owned restaurants.

Unless otherwise stated, Systemwide Restaurant Sales, Systemwide Sales growth, and Same-Store Sales are presented on a systemwide basis, which means they include franchise restaurants and corporate-owned restaurants. Franchise restaurant sales represent sales at all franchise restaurants and are revenues to our franchisees. We do not record franchise sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues and brand royalty revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchise sales.

By providing these key metrics, we believe we are enhancing investors’ understanding of our business as well as assisting investors in evaluating how well we are executing our strategic initiatives.
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Consolidated
Quarter Ended
(in thousands except for percentage data)April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Systemwide Restaurant Sales$66,034 $73,445 
Systemwide Restaurant Sales Growth(10)%— %
Systemwide Restaurant Same-Store Sales Growth(7)%%
Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales$40,885 $43,310 
Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales Growth(6)%%
Corporate-Owned Restaurant Same-Store Sales Growth(5)%%
Franchise Restaurant Sales$25,149 $30,135 
Franchise Restaurant Sales Growth(17)%(3)%
Franchise Restaurant Same-Store Sales Growth(12)%%
Digital Channel % of Systemwide Sales32 %32 %

Quarter Ended
April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
(in thousands, except for percentage data)Anthony's BurgerFiAnthony's BurgerFi
Systemwide Restaurant Sales$32,650 $33,385 $33,145 $40,300 
Systemwide Restaurant Sales Growth(1)%(17)%%(1)%
Systemwide Restaurant Same-Store Sales Growth(2)%(13)%%— %
Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales$32,379 $8,506 $33,145 $10,165 
Corporate-Owned Restaurant Sales Growth(2)%(16)%%%
Corporate-Owned Restaurant Same-Store Sales Growth(2)%(16)%%(6)%
Franchise Restaurant Sales$270 $24,879 N/A$30,135 
Franchise Restaurant Sales GrowthN/A(17)%N/A(3)%
Franchise Restaurant Same-Store Sales GrowthN/A(12)%N/A%
Digital Channel % of Systemwide Sales33 %31 %34 %30 %
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Results of Operations

We present our results of operations as reported in our consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP").

Quarter Ended
(in thousands)
April 1, 2024April 3, 2023
Revenue
Restaurant Sales$40,885 $43,316 
Royalty and other fees1,558 1,969 
Royalty - brand development and co-op436 441 
Total Revenue42,879 45,726 
Restaurant level operating expenses:
Food, beverage and paper costs10,977 11,611 
Labor and related expenses13,912 13,216 
Other operating expenses7,128 7,456 
Occupancy and related expenses3,890 3,834 
General and administrative expenses5,309 6,573 
Depreciation and amortization expense3,044 3,227 
Share-based compensation expense954 4,674 
Brand development, co-op and advertising expense1,252 1,096 
Lease termination recovery(56)— 
Store closure costs435 121 
Restructuring costs79 918 
Pre-opening costs163 — 
Total Operating Expenses$47,087 $52,726 
Operating Loss(4,208)(7,000)
Other income, net— 
Gain (loss) on change in fair value of warrant liability144 (73)
Interest expense, net(2,477)(2,078)
Loss before income taxes(6,538)(9,151)
Net loss$(6,538)